July 04, 2022

Spirits of '76

Timothy Birdnow

I was working on a poem in honor of Independence Day but ran out of time to work on it. Here is the first draft. Don't know if it was going to be any good or not but it's what it is

Zion, far on the horizon, that glittering jewel, a dream across the sea
called out to prophets and paupers and laborers
all dreaming to be free

They sailed for months in rickety ships
that were cold and had drips
tossed on stormy seas
their food hardtack with weevils, their bodies diseased
Their drink crawling and green, and their bodies so lean
but always their eyes on the promised land
Zion, as they would flee across the sea

They came and built their farms and towns
dug canals and built their lives for themselves and their wives
carved from a wilderness both savage and remote
they prayed to their great good God with thanksgiving and hope

And always their eyes on Zion, the jewel, the Promised Land

But then their tranquility was torn away, as the French and the English acted their play
And the king and his Commons came over to stay, and thus tjeu decreed a great tax they should pay

And another and another.

The Colonists finally decided enough
the British wanted to play rough
and they went before George to ask for his mercy
But merciless and cruel was the insane fool
and he sneered at the rough hewn colonials
with their homespun ragged clothes and their pious simplicity posed
an insult to so majestic a being!

Like the serpent in Eden King George looked to despoil Zion
And he ordered his troops to crush Boston and Concord
but those who did flee from the Mother over the sea
refused to be back in her bosom
Patriots poured forth from the land
to his brother a strong helping hand
while the bloodbacks retreated, defiled and defeated
Colonists spilling their blood on the sand

In any man's life there comes a point where one must choose one's destiny, or it will be chosen for him though he may not agree.
The wise men of the 13 came together to chart this course for their lands. Not to the sound of bands, or the clapping of hands, but quietly it seems, almost the stuff of dreams

The young man Jefferson, his elder friend Franklin, Adams, Sherman and Livingston put quill to paper and told the imperial raper to leave
They announced we were free and the British should flee
and that henceforth Americans we would be

It was a bold, bold act for a rope awaited them back in the British citadels The sobering fact was their bodies would stack
If King George got a crack at them

But John Hancock just smiled and he laughed like a child and signed the treasonous paper with a flourish

On that day American was born, our allegiance to Britain was torn
on that day in defiance we said "no more!" tp the the tyrant
on that day these brave men risked their whole lives, their fortunes and wives, their businesses and health and homes, to stand for a course where we aren't ruled just by force
without a bloated sovereign bossing us around and driving our people into the ground.

While a war was still waged and the British raged and the graves grew quite full of dead
both American and Red
In the end it was unstoppable, a tidal wave, an outpouring of the spirit that had led these people to settle in Zion in the first place
They came on God's grace
and nobody could drive them from that exulted a place
the British lost before the fight was engaged
the fight they waged
was doomed to defeat
for ours was a trumpet that would not sound retreat

Grateful and humble Americans should be
we won our great war on both land and in the sea

Freedom was ours as long as we wanted it
sadly the hour draws nigh when it no longer fits
Where is the spirit of '76?
It has vanished in vanity, soft living and tricks
Where are the Patriots who spoke such brave words?
they're broke in their basements and playing Angry Birds
Or leading the charge against statues of Founders
While America teeters and freedom just flounders
Our ancestor settled to avoid being slaves
But now we allow them to be taken from their graves
If we don't remember our heroes and God
we will surely feel the strike of His rod
Our Patriot heroes died or were maimed
I fear that they now must just feel ashamed

Zion is becoming a dream. A long, lost, lonely dream.



Posted by: Timothy Birdnow at 10:33 AM | No Comments | Add Comment
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The Spirit of '76

Timothy Birdnow

Here is the document that started it all folks!

And here is Jefferson's original draft. Notice the condemnation of slavery  and the charge against King George for promulgating it:

Source: H. A. Washington, ed., The Writings of Thomas Jefferson, 9 vols. (Washington, D.C.: Taylor and Maury, 1853–54), 1:19–26. https://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/000365325


… Congress proceeded the same day [July 2] to consider the Declaration of Independence, which had been reported and laid on the table the Friday preceding, and on Monday referred to a committee of the whole. The pusillanimous idea that we had friends in England worth keeping terms with, still haunted the minds of many. For this reason, those passages which conveyed censures on the people of England were struck out, lest they should give them offense. The clause too, reprobating the enslaving the inhabitants of Africa, was struck out in complaisance[1]to South Carolina and Georgia, who had never attempted to restrain the importation of slaves, and who, on the contrary, still wished to continue it. Our northern brethren also, I believe, felt a little tender under those censures; for though their people have very few slaves themselves, yet they had been pretty considerable carriers of them to others. The debates, having taken up the greater parts of the 2rd, 3rd, and 4th days of July, were, in the evening of the last, closed; the Declaration was reported by the committee, agreed to by the House, and signed by every member present,[2] except Mr. Dickinson.[3]As the sentiments of men are known not only by what they receive, but what they reject also, I will state the form of the Declaration as originally reported. The parts struck out by Congress shall be distinguished by a black line drawn under them; and those inserted by them shall be placed in the margin or in a concurrent column(s).

A Declaration by the Representatives of the United States of America, in General Congress assembled

When, in the course of human events, it becomes necessary for one people to dissolve the political bands which have connected them with another, and to assume among the powers of the earth the separate and equal station to which the laws of nature and of nature’s God entitle them, a decent respect to the opinions of mankind requires that they should declare the causes which impel them to the separation.

We hold these truths to be self evident: that all men are created equal; that they are endowed by their creator with {certain} inherent andinalienable rights; that among these are life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness; that to secure these rights, governments are instituted among men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed; that whenever any form of government becomes destructive of these ends, it is the right of the people to alter or to abolish it, and to institute new government, laying its foundation on such principles, and organizing its powers in such form, as to them shall seem most likely to effect their safety and happiness. Prudence, indeed, will dictate that governments long established should not be changed for light and transient causes; and accordingly all experience hath shown that mankind are more disposed to suffer while evils are sufferable, than to right themselves by abolishing the forms to which they are accustomed. But when a long train of abuses and usurpations, begun at a distinguished period and pursuing invariably the same object, evinces[4]a design to reduce them under absolute despotism, it is their right, it is their duty to throw off such government, and to provide new guards for their future security. Such has been the patient sufferance of these colonies; and such is now the necessity which constrains them to {alter} expunge their former systems of government. The history of the present king of Great Britain is a history of {repeated} unremitting injuries and usurpations, among which appears no solitary fact to contradict the uniform tenor of the rest but all have {all having} in direct object the establishment of an absolute tyranny over these states. To prove this let facts be submitted to a candid world for the truth of which we pledge a faith yet unsullied by falsehood.

He has refused his assent to laws the most wholesome and necessary for the public good.

He has forbidden his governors to pass laws of immediate and pressing importance, unless suspended in their operation till his assent should be obtained; and, when so suspended, he has utterly neglected to attend to them.

He has refused to pass other laws for the accommodation of large districts of people, unless those people would relinquish the right of representation in the legislature, a right inestimable to them and formidable to the tyrants only.

He has called together legislative bodies at places unusual, uncomfortable, and distant from the depository of their public records, for the sole purpose of fatiguing them into compliance with his measures.

He has dissolved representative houses repeatedly and continually for opposing with manly firmness his invasions on the rights of the people.

He has refused for a long time after such dissolutions to cause others to be elected, whereby the legislative powers, incapable of annihilation, have returned to the people at large for their exercise, the state remaining, in the meantime, exposed to all the dangers of invasion from without and convulsions within.

He has endeavored to prevent the population of these states; for that purpose obstructing the laws for naturalization of foreigners, refusing to pass others to encourage their migrations hither, and raising the conditions of new appropriations of lands.

He has {obstructed} suffered the administration of justice totally to cease in some of these states {by} refusing his assent to laws for establishing judiciary powers.

He has made our judges dependent on his will alone for the tenure of their offices, and the amount and payment of their salaries.

He has erected a multitude of new offices by a self assumed power and sent hither swarms of new officers to harass our people and eat our their substance.

He has kept among us in times of peace standing armies and ships of war without the consent of our legislatures.

He has affected to render the military independent of, and superior to, the civil power.

He has combined with others to subject us to a jurisdiction foreign to our constitutions and unacknowledged by our laws, giving his assent to their acts of pretended legislation for quartering large bodies of armed troops among us; for protecting them by a mock trial from punishment for any murders which they should commit on the inhabitants of these states; for cutting off our trade with all parts of the world; for imposing taxes on us without our consent; for depriving us {in many cases} of the benefits of trial by jury; for transporting us beyond seas to be tried for pretended offences; for abolishing the free system of English laws in a neighboring province,[5]establishing therein an arbitrary government, and enlarging its boundaries, so as to render it at once an example and fit instrument for introducing the same absolute rule into these {colonies} states; for taking away our charters, abolishing our most valuable laws, and altering fundamentally the forms of our governments; for suspending our own legislatures, and declaring themselves invested with power to legislate for us in all cases whatsoever.

He has abdicated government here {by declaring us out of his protection and waging war against us.} withdrawing his governors, and declaring us out of his allegiance and protection.

He has plundered our seas, ravaged our coasts, burnt our towns, and destroyed the lives of our people.

He is at this time transporting large armies of foreign mercenaries to complete the works of death, desolation and tyranny already begun with circumstances of cruelty and perfidy[6] {scarcely paralleled in the most barbarous ages, and totally} unworthy the head of a civilized nation.

He has constrained our fellow citizens taken captive on the high seas, to bear arms against their country, to become the executioners of their friends and brethren, or to fall themselves by their hands.

He has {excited domestic insurrections among us, and has} endeavored to bring on the inhabitants of our frontiers the merciless Indian savages, whose known rule of warfare is an undistinguished destruction of all ages, sexes, and conditions of existence.

He has incited treasonable insurrections of our fellow citizens, with the allurements of forfeiture and confiscation of our property.

He has waged cruel war against human nature itself, violating its most sacred rights of life and liberty in the persons of a distant people who never offended him, captivating and carrying them into slavery in another hemisphere or to incur miserable death in their transportation thither. This piratical warfare, the opprobrium of INFIDEL powers, is the warfare of the CHRISTIAN king of Great Britain. Determined to keep open a market where MEN should be bought and sold, he has prostituted his negative for suppressing every legislative attempt to prohibit or to restrain this execrable commerce. And that this assemblage of horrors might want no fact of distinguished die,[7]he is now exciting those very people to rise in arms among us, and to purchase that liberty of which he has deprived them, by murdering the people on whom he also obtruded them: thus paying off former crimes committed against the LIBERTIES of one people, with crimes which he urges them to commit against the LIVES of another.

In every stage of these oppressions we have petitioned for redress in the most humble terms: our repeated petitions have been answered only by repeated injuries.

A prince whose character is thus marked by every act which may define a tyrant is unfit to be the ruler of a {free} people who mean to be free. Future ages will scarcely believe that the hardiness of one man adventured, within the short compass of twelve years only, to lay a foundation so broad and so undisguised for tyranny over a people fostered and fixed in principle of freedom.

Nor have we been wanting in attentions to our British brethren. We have warned them from time to time of attempts by their legislature to extend {an unwarrantable} a jurisdiction over {us} these our states. We have reminded them of the circumstances of our emigration and settlement here, no one of which could warrant so strange a pretension: that these were effected at the expense of our own blood and treasure, unassisted by the wealth or the strength of Great Britain: that in constituting indeed our several forms of government, we had adopted one common king, thereby laying a foundation for perpetual league and amity with them: but that submission to their parliament was no part of our constitution, nor ever in idea, if history may be credited: and, we {have} appealed to their native justice and magnanimity and {we have conjured them by} as well as to the ties of our common kindred to disavow these usurpations which {would inevitably} were likely to interrupt our connection and correspondence. They too have been deaf to the voice of justice and of consanguinity, and when occasions have been given them, by the regular course of their laws, of removing from their councils the disturbers of our harmony, they have, by their free election, re-established them in power. At this very time too, they are permitting their chief magistrate to send over not only soldiers of our common blood, but Scotch and foreign mercenaries to invade and destroy us. These facts have given the last stab to agonizing affection, and manly spirit bids us to renounce forever these unfeeling brethren. We must endeavor to forget our former love for them, and to hold them as we hold the rest of mankind, enemies in war, in peace friends. We might have been a free and a great people together; but a communication of grandeur and of freedom, it seems, is below their dignity. Be it so, since they will have it. The road to happiness and to glory is open to us too. We will tread it apart from them, and {We must therefore} acquiesce in the necessity which denounces our eternal separation {and hold them as we hold the rest of mankind, enemies in war, in peace friends.}!

Editor: The two final paragraphs, in their original and amended forms, were placed by Jefferson in two parallel columns. The conclusion of the Declaration as he submitted it appeared in the left column and the text as altered by Congress appeared in the right column.

[Jefferson’s draft]

We, therefore, the representatives of the United States of America in General Congress assembled, do in the name, and by the authority of the good people of these states reject and renounce all allegiance and subjection to the kings of Great Britain and all others who may hereafter claim by, through or under them; we utterly dissolve all political connection which may heretofore have subsisted between us and the people or parliament of Great Britain: and finally we do assert and declare these colonies to be free and independent states, and that as free and independent states, they have full power to levy war, conclude peace, contract alliances, establish commerce, and to do all other acts and things which independent states may of right do.

And for the support of this declaration, we mutually pledge to each other our lives, our fortunes, and our sacred honor.

[Congress’s final version]

We, therefore, the representatives of the United States of America in General Congress assembled, appealing to the supreme judge of the world for the rectitude of our intentions, do in the name, and by the authority of the good people of these colonies, solemnly publish and declare, that these united colonies are, and of right ought to be free and independent states; that they are absolved from all allegiance to the British crown, and that all political connection between them and the state of Great Britain is, and ought to be, totally dissolved; and that as free and independent states, they have full power to levy war, conclude peace, contract alliances, establish commerce and to do all other acts and things which independent states may of right do.

And for the support of this declaration, with a firm reliance on the protection of divine providence, we mutually pledge to each other our lives, our fortunes, and our sacred honor.

End

And here is the Lee Resolution. Richard Henry Lee proposed America secede from Britain on June 7, 1776 and it was his proposal that sparked the Declaration of Independence:

IN CONGRESS, JULY 4, 1776

The unanimous Declaration of the thirteen united States of America,

When in the Course of human events, it becomes necessary for one people to dissolve the political bands which have connected them with another and to assume among the powers of the earth, the separate and equal station to which the Laws of Nature and of Nature’s God entitle them, a decent respect to the opinions of mankind requires that they should declare the causes which impel them to the separation.

We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness. — That to secure these rights, Governments are instituted among Men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed, — That whenever any Form of Government becomes destructive of these ends, it is the Right of the People to alter or to abolish it, and to institute new Government, laying its foundation on such principles and organizing its powers in such form, as to them shall seem most likely to effect their Safety and Happiness. Prudence, indeed, will dictate that Governments long established should not be changed for light and transient causes; and accordingly all experience hath shewn, that mankind are more disposed to suffer, while evils are sufferable, than to right themselves by abolishing the forms to which they are accustomed. But when a long train of abuses and usurpations, pursuing invariably the same Object evinces a design to reduce them under absolute Despotism, it is their right, it is their duty, to throw off such Government, and to provide new Guards for their future security. — Such has been the patient sufferance of these Colonies; and such is now the necessity which constrains them to alter their former Systems of Government. The history of the present King of Great Britain is a history of repeated injuries and usurpations, all having in direct object the establishment of an absolute Tyranny over these States. To prove this, let Facts be submitted to a candid world.

He has refused his Assent to Laws, the most wholesome and necessary for the public good.

He has forbidden his Governors to pass Laws of immediate and pressing importance, unless suspended in their operation till his Assent should be obtained; and when so suspended, he has utterly neglected to attend to them.

He has refused to pass other Laws for the accommodation of large districts of people, unless those people would relinquish the right of Representation in the Legislature, a right inestimable to them and formidable to tyrants only.

He has called together legislative bodies at places unusual, uncomfortable, and distant from the depository of their Public Records, for the sole purpose of fatiguing them into compliance with his measures.

He has dissolved Representative Houses repeatedly, for opposing with manly firmness his invasions on the rights of the people.

He has refused for a long time, after such dissolutions, to cause others to be elected, whereby the Legislative powers, incapable of Annihilation, have returned to the People at large for their exercise; the State remaining in the mean time exposed to all the dangers of invasion from without, and convulsions within.

He has endeavoured to prevent the population of these States; for that purpose obstructing the Laws for Naturalization of Foreigners; refusing to pass others to encourage their migrations hither, and raising the conditions of new Appropriations of Lands.

He has obstructed the Administration of Justice, by refusing his Assent to Laws for establishing Judiciary Powers.

He has made Judges dependent on his Will alone, for the tenure of their offices, and the amount and payment of their salaries.

He has erected a multitude of New Offices, and sent hither swarms of Officers to harass our people and eat out their substance.

He has kept among us, in times of peace, Standing Armies without the Consent of our legislatures.

He has affected to render the Military independent of and superior to the Civil Power.

He has combined with others to subject us to a jurisdiction foreign to our constitution, and unacknowledged by our laws; giving his Assent to their Acts of pretended Legislation:

For quartering large bodies of armed troops among us:

For protecting them, by a mock Trial from punishment for any Murders which they should commit on the Inhabitants of these States:

For cutting off our Trade with all parts of the world:

For imposing Taxes on us without our Consent:

For depriving us in many cases, of the benefit of Trial by Jury:

For transporting us beyond Seas to be tried for pretended offences:

For abolishing the free System of English Laws in a neighbouring Province, establishing therein an Arbitrary government, and enlarging its Boundaries so as to render it at once an example and fit instrument for introducing the same absolute rule into these Colonies:

For taking away our Charters, abolishing our most valuable Laws and altering fundamentally the Forms of our Governments:

For suspending our own Legislatures, and declaring themselves invested with power to legislate for us in all cases whatsoever.

He has abdicated Government here, by declaring us out of his Protection and waging War against us.

He has plundered our seas, ravaged our Coasts, burnt our towns, and destroyed the lives of our people.

He is at this time transporting large Armies of foreign Mercenaries to compleat the works of death, desolation and tyranny, already begun with circumstances of Cruelty & perfidy scarcely paralleled in the most barbarous ages, and totally unworthy the Head of a civilized nation.

He has constrained our fellow Citizens taken Captive on the high Seas to bear Arms against their Country, to become the executioners of their friends and Brethren, or to fall themselves by their Hands.

He has excited domestic insurrections amongst us, and has endeavoured to bring on the inhabitants of our frontiers, the merciless Indian Savages, whose known rule of warfare, is an undistinguished destruction of all ages, sexes and conditions.

In every stage of these Oppressions We have Petitioned for Redress in the most humble terms: Our repeated Petitions have been answered only by repeated injury. A Prince whose character is thus marked by every act which may define a Tyrant, is unfit to be the ruler of a free people.

Nor have We been wanting in attentions to our British brethren. We have warned them from time to time of attempts by their legislature to extend an unwarrantable jurisdiction over us. We have reminded them of the circumstances of our emigration and settlement here. We have appealed to their native justice and magnanimity, and we have conjured them by the ties of our common kindred to disavow these usurpations, which, would inevitably interrupt our connections and correspondence. They too have been deaf to the voice of justice and of consanguinity. We must, therefore, acquiesce in the necessity, which denounces our Separation, and hold them, as we hold the rest of mankind, Enemies in War, in Peace Friends.

We, therefore, the Representatives of the united States of America, in General Congress, Assembled, appealing to the Supreme Judge of the world for the rectitude of our intentions, do, in the Name, and by Authority of the good People of these Colonies, solemnly publish and declare, That these united Colonies are, and of Right ought to be Free and Independent States, that they are Absolved from all Allegiance to the British Crown, and that all political connection between them and the State of Great Britain, is and ought to be totally dissolved; and that as Free and Independent States, they have full Power to levy War, conclude Peace, contract Alliances, establish Commerce, and to do all other Acts and Things which Independent States may of right do. — And for the support of this Declaration, with a firm reliance on the protection of Divine Providence, we mutually pledge to each other our Lives, our Fortunes, and our sacred Honor.

New Hampshire:

Josiah Bartlett, William Whipple, Matthew Thornton

Massachusetts:

John Hancock, Samuel Adams, John Adams, Robert Treat Paine, Elbridge Gerry

Rhode Island:

Stephen Hopkins, William Ellery

Connecticut:

Roger Sherman, Samuel Huntington, William Williams, Oliver Wolcott

New York:

William Floyd, Philip Livingston, Francis Lewis, Lewis Morris

New Jersey:

Richard Stockton, John Witherspoon, Francis Hopkinson, John Hart, Abraham Clark

Pennsylvania:

Robert Morris, Benjamin Rush, Benjamin Franklin, John Morton, George Clymer, James Smith, George Taylor, James Wilson, George Ross

Delaware:

Caesar Rodney, George Read, Thomas McKean

Maryland:

Samuel Chase, William Paca, Thomas Stone, Charles Carroll of Carrollton

Virginia:

George Wythe, Richard Henry Lee, Thomas Jefferson, Benjamin Harrison, Thomas Nelson, Jr., Francis Lightfoot Lee, Carter Braxton

North Carolina:

William Hooper, Joseph Hewes, John Penn

South Carolina:

Edward Rutledge, Thomas Heyward, Jr., Thomas Lynch, Jr., Arthur Middleton

Georgia:

Button Gwinnett, Lyman Hall, George Walton

Oh, and this followed the June 7 resolution authored by Richard Henry Lee:

Resolved, that these United Colonies, are, and of right ought to be free, and independent States, that they are, absolved for all allegiance to the British Crown, and that all political connection between them and the State of Great Britain, is, and ought to be, totally dissolved.

That it is expedient forthwith to take the most effectual measures for forming foreign Alliances.

That a plan of consideration be prepared and transmitted to the respective Colonies for their consideration and approbation.


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July 03, 2022

Anniversary of Vicksburg and Gettysburg

Warner Todd Huston

One hundred sixty years ago today, on July 3, 1863, Robert E. Lee was defeated by General Meade's Union forces at Gettysburg. And even more significantly, on July 4, General Ulysses Grant achieved victory at Vicksburg essentially cleaving the Confederacy in two and dooming it to defeat, though the war would drag on for two more bloody years.

Tim adds:

Gettysburg was Lees biggest blunder in the war. He allowed the Union to get up in the hills around Gettysburg, take the high ground, and then in a fit of hubris tried to take those hills by a direct assault.

It was a monumentally stupid move. His right hand man, Gen. James Longstreet, argued that they could just bypass the Union forces. With the Union entrenched up on those mountains the road was clear all the way to Washington and they could just hustle towards Mr. Lincoln. The whole idea was to sack Washington and terrify the Union into suing for peace. It may well have worked; the average citizen wasn't very enthusiastic about this war anyway, and this would suggest there was no point in continuing.

But Lee kept winning, and so went in overconfident, believing his troops could not lose.

After attempting to take the flanks (most notably at Little Roundtop, where a desperate gambit by Col. Joshua Lawrence Chamberlain of Maine - a bayonet charge since the Maine boys were out of ammunition) Lee decided the middle must be vulnerable.

He set three divisions to attack the center. Ultimately led by Longstreet, the main charge was led by George Pickett, a man who finished dead last in his class at West Point and had no idea what he was doing (he hadn't seen any real combat). Pickett's charge was a total disaster. The guns ran out of ammunition before clearing the center and so Pickett had to begin his charge earlier than planned. It was a bloodbath, with cannons bombarding them from all over the field of battle. The Confederates had to walk over a mile of open ground, and were stopped at a fence which they had to climb under heavy enemy fire. Then they had to assault a stone wall, just as the Union did at Fredericksburg.

By the end of the charge there were few people left. Pickett, when told by Gen. Lee to look to his division, famously said "General, I have no division". They were all dead.

Lee high tailed it and ran. At that point they were vulnerable but the Union Commander, Gen. George Meade, did not give chase (ultimately leading to his being sacked by Lincoln).

(BTW, you couldn't tell the Georges without a scorecard, could you?)

So the Army of Northern Virginia lived to fight another day, but they were so decimated by this fight they couldn't ever mount an offensive against the Union again. It became a matter of running and running...

Had Lee listened to Longstreet and moved off from Gettysburg he could have found a place with high ground HE could occupy, and then make the Union assault their fortified position. It would have been a disaster. Worse, Lee could have taken D.C., forced Lincoln to flee, and then offered generous terms for a conditional surrender.

But Lee got cocky and it cost the Confederacy their freedom. They couldn't afford to make any mistakes.

With the great victory at Gettysburg Lincoln saw new life breathed into his campaign for the Presidency. Suddenly the war was winnable and the public was willing to give him more time. Prior to that his primary challenge from his old Gen. George McClellan would probably have succeeded - and McClellan promised to make peace with the Confederacy.

So everything hinged on this victory.

This was a momentous day.

As for Vicksburg, Gen. Grant had been rolling like a juggernaut through Tennessee and down to Vicksburg, Mississippi,which was the last bastion of the Confederacy along the Mississippi River.  Once Vicksburg fell the entire western Confederacy was cut off from the rest of the country. That was Arkansas, Louisiana, Texas. It meant the Union could move men and supplies along the Mississippi river, as well as the Ohio, and Missouri.

Actually, Vicksburg was a definite change for the fortunes of Grant, who had been taking his enemies quickly and decisively up to that point. But Vicksburg was a long, bitter siege that bogged Grant down for a while.
The siege lasted almost two months.

The only offensive launched by the Confederates in the West after this was the invasion by Gen. Stirling Price into Missouri. Price, who was a former Mo. governor, led a large force into southeast Missouri with the intention of seizing St. Louis. But he made the exact same mistake Lee had made a Gettysburg a year before, attacking a well defended fort (Fort Davisson) and taking so many casualties he couldn't prosecute his assault on St. Louis. After piddling around attacking Jefferson City he gave up and returned to Arkansas, the last major offensive of the western war.

After Vicksburg Grant and his able if a bit vicious sidekick William Tecumseh Sherman began moving through the Mississippi delta towards Virginia. Grant would be put in charge of the Army of the Potomac and would invade Virginia, and with the help of Sherman's infamous March to the Sea would decimate the heart of the Confederacy.

But that is a story for another day.

At any rate, this was a very critical point in U.S. history and one well worth remembering.

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AGW Sham

James Doogue

It's almost comical that with atmospheric CO2 levels at just over 400 parts per million, we have people protesting in the streets in fear of climate catastrophe. The Earth's atmospheric CO2 content has been many times greater during most of the past including an estimated 7,000 ppm 540 million years ago when most of the ancestors to our animal life emerged.

In fact when atmospheric CO2 dramatically slumped to below 500ppm between 400 - 300 million years ago, a great deal of the Earth's plant and animal life died, laying down the material which would eventually become our fossil fuels.

Scientists know higher rates of atmospheric CO2 is beneficial. One major study published in 2016 revealed that from a quarter to half of Earth’s vegetated lands had shown significant greening over the previous 35 years largely due to rising levels of atmospheric carbon dioxide. https://www.nasa.gov/feature/goddard/2016/carbon-dioxide-fertilization-greening-earth

Like I said, it would be funny, that with just over 400ppm CO2 in the atmosphere there's a massive push to reduce CO2 emissions, that is, if it wasn't destroying our standard of living.

One thing is certain China and Russia and other despotic regimes are cheering on the self destruction in the West, while increasing their CO2 emissions.

You can see more of this black comedy at Tony Heller's short video here.
https://youtu.be/A9UmJdzaJj4

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The Roar of the Pygmy

"I am personally acquainted with hundreds of journalists, and the opinion of the majority of them would not be worth tuppence in private, but when they speak in print it is the newspaper that is talking (the pygmy scribe is not visible) and then their utterances shake the community like the thunders of prophecy.”

Mark Twain March 31, 1873

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Not One Bit of Difference

James Doogue

This chart shows that the many emission reduction agreements and the trillions of dollars spent on renewable energy production, infrastructure, and general societal restructuring hasn't made any difference to the steady rise in atmospheric CO2.

Even if humans could make a significant difference in total atmospheric CO2 content, these global agreements still wouldn't achieve anything when the reduction in emissions by Western countries can't keep pace with the increase in emissions by China alone.

Not that humans are responsible for the majority of atmospheric CO2 content. That is largely controlled by the natural uptake or degassing of CO2 from the oceans. The oceans have warmed gradually since the Little Ice Age and accordingly CO2 has been released into the atmosphere.

The ocean stores 50 times more carbon than the atmosphere, and 20 times more than land plants and soil combined. Humans have little impact on CO2 in our atmosphere as this chart clearly demonstrates.

May be an image of text that says '420 Atmospheric Cozat Mauna Loa Observatory Scripps Institution of Oceanography NOAA Global Monitoring Loboratory Glasgow Lockdown Doha Cancun 400 (ppm) 380 om ල 360 Milan Delhi Nairobl Poznan Buenos Aires Morrocco Climate Agreements Bonn Kyoto Buenos Aires Berlin Geneva 340 320 1960 SCRIPPS OCEANOGRAPHY UCSanDiego 1970 1980 22 1990 Year 2000 2010 2020'

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July 02, 2022

Americans Have to Pay for the New Liberal Order

Timothy Birdnow

Biden's economic adviser Brian Deese tells Americans to suck it up over high gas prices as it's the price we have to pay for the New World Order.

The Daily Mail dishes:

US families should suffer high gas prices to protect 'the liberal world order', Biden's economic advisor Brian Deese says when asked what he would say to Americans who can't afford $4.85 a gallon

  • 'What do you say to those families that say, 'listen, we can't afford to pay $4.85 a gallon for months, if not years?' the advisor was asked
  • 'This is about the future of the Liberal World Order and we have to stand firm,' he replied
  • 'You have a president and an administration that is going to do everything in its power to blunt those price increases and bring those prices down,' he added
  • Republicans said Deese's comments prove the administration is out of touch
  • Biden said on Thursday that drivers should be expected to pay 'premium' for gas prices for 'as long as it takes'
  • The U.S. cut off all Russian gas after Vladimir Putin invaded Ukraine, and the European Union followed suit, driving up gas and energy prices the world over
  • After breaching $5 a gallon for the first time ever, gas prices have fallen back to an average of $4.84 as of Friday

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About Catholic Missionaries

This from Tony Esolen

So Santa Clara University is discussing what to do about their statue of Saint Junipero Serra. The usual suspects want it down.

I have read a terrific and thoroughly researched description of what the California mission fathers did for the local natives, and how the missions went to smash after the Mexican War. The author was Helen Hunt Jackson, who went on to write A Century of Disgrace, a book detailing, treaty by treaty, folly by folly, cruelty by cruelty, the US government's bad treatment of the Indians in her time and the decades before. Mrs. Jackson went in person to visit the ruins of the missions, and to speak to the old people who remembered what life was like there. And we also have the letters and the chronicles of the fathers themselves, including accounts for herds, acres in grain, production of oil and wine, et cetera.

The fathers wrought an economic and social miracle. Those natives they reached in the yet untilled land of southwestern California were eating lizards when the fathers got there, having been brutalized by the stronger tribes nearby. In a stunningly short time, those natives were richer in material goods than anybody west of the Mississippi. They became herdsmen, tanners, and weavers. They became farmers and vintners. They became carpenters and masons, blacksmiths and coppersmiths. They became artists and musicians. Their sons learned to read. Some of them became priests. The missions were rich and successful; then came the war, and the takeover of mission lands by the US government.

Absolutely NOTHING that the secular state has done for the Indians comes within a hundred miles of what the fathers did. Absolutely nothing that Santa Clara University even pretends to do, with all the resources at their disposal, comes within a hundred miles of what a few priests did, with nothing but their faith, some flocks, and some seed.

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So Very Good at It

Maurizio Morabito

US Presidents like to increase their gas prices at first...however

some are very, very, very good at it.
May be an image of text

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Jon Voight Calls for Biden Impeachment

Timothy Birdnow

From Newsmax:

'GET HIM OUT': Jon Voight called for the impeachment of President Biden in a bold social media message this week: https://bit.ly/3uhHh89

Don't he have a purty mouth!

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Letter To the Military Academies

Christopher Lee sends this our way:

https://justthenews.com/government/security/west-point-graduates-sign-letter-challenging-leadership-military-academy?fbclid=IwAR1xmCeue5Fk1kxVBZEMuj9Z8qX_YAJpU-Ln2ve9Vxksx_9aZiI-SfBOqs8




"The signees, who include a number of military officers, say they have witnessed and been informed of a modern rejection of the principles of the military academy that could ultimately endanger the institution's core and original mission to "educate, train, and inspire the Corps of Cadets so that each graduate is a commissioned leader of character committed to the values of Duty, Honor, Country and prepared for a career or professional excellence and service to the Nation as an officer in the United States Army."”

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Unvaccinated People With Natural Immunity Are Safer. Depriving Covid-19 Patients Of Ivermectin Treatment Cost Suffering And Lives

James Doogue

Research has shown unvaccinated people who gained natural immunity were far better protected against getting Covid-19, and against serious Covid-19.

Australia has largely abandoned its vaccine mandates.

There has been no apology to those who lost their jobs for refusing to be jabbed, or who lost their lives, or their good health, following vaccination.

Not only has Australia wasted billions of dollars on lockdowns, it has damaged the health of the vast majority of Australians [due to vaccine mandates] by making them more vulnerable to infection with Covid.

An Israeli study of 5.7 million people, published in the New England Journal of Medicine in June, shows that unvaccinated people who gained immunity through infection, were far better protected from Covid than people who were double vaccinated. And ......it showed that unvaccinated people with natural immunity were also better protected from severe Covid.

It might also explain why excess mortality continues to run at a record high. Excess deaths in March were still almost 10 per cent above the historical baseline and deaths for the first three months of the year were 17.5 per cent higher than the historical average.

This spectacular public health failure was undoubtedly exacerbated by the failure to heed the lessons of early treatment of Covid-19. This time last year, on 26 June, NSW entered its long Delta lockdown. At that time, India was just emerging from its Delta spike. On 26 June 2021, Covid deaths in India were 284 per million, while in Australia they were only 35 per million. A year later on 26 June, deaths per million in Australia and India are identical – 376 per million. What happened?

A year ago, health officials in Uttar Pradesh, the most populous state in India, with 240 million inhabitants, advised that they were using a multi-drug cocktail of repurposed medications including ivermectin and hydroxychloroquine to treat Covid with astonishing success. From a peak of 34,455 on 29 April, cases plunged to 178 on 26 June. A year later there is an average of one death per day.

The contrast with Australia could not be more stark. Australia’s public health officers weren’t content simply to disregard the evidence of Uttar Pradesh’s success with a multi-drug therapy that included ivermectin, the TGA went further than any other country in the world and on 10 September 2021 banned the use of ivermectin for the treatment of Covid.

How many people suffered unduly or died, simply because our TGA banned the safe, effective use of multi-drug treatment of Covid-19 cases including with Ivermectin?

https://spectator.com.au/2022/07/vanishing-vaccine-mandates/

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The Lie of "Fossil Fuel"

Timothy Birdnow

Fuel me once shame on you, fuel me twice shame on me! Sadly, too many people have always believed in peak oil because they have heard it over and over. But wells often refill over time, something we would nto expect if oil was a limited commodity.

This courtesy of cindy Schumacher:

Every time you hear the term 'fossil fuel' on the TV, radio, news etc, you're being lied to.
In 1892, at the Geneva Convention, the smartest man in the oil industry J.D. Rockefeller paid scientists to call oil a 'fossil fuel' to induce the idea of scarcity, in order to set a 'world price for oil'. The truth is that oil is actually the second-most prevalent liquid on earth next to water, and regenerates within the earth faster than it can ever be deleted.
Fuel was free once. Rothschild and BlackRock blamed miners strike on fuel shortages to scam people into paying for it.
👆
@Ezra_Cohen

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What's in a Word?

From P. Andrew Sandlin:

Sorry, you don’t get to choose your personal pronouns. Your personal pronouns choose you.

At conception, your pronouns were set for life. Changing your pronouns won’t change your sex.

E. Calvin Beisner adds:

The God-breathed Scripture, in both Hebrew and Greek, also uses the generic masculine. Those who think it's wrong accuse God of wrong. The use reflects the creation order in which Adam was created before Eve and was the federal head of the whole human race.

Tim adds:

What is the purpose of words? They are sounds used to describe reality and transmit information. There is no other real purpose. Even the most subjective, emotional word usage is still about accurately describing reality - how you feel. So this is entirely correct; personal pronouns choose you, because they are describing a reality you may or may not like. Just because you don't like it doesn't make it inaccurate. I don't like a lot of things; racism, communism, pedophilia, etc. but I can hardly change them by changing the words I use to describe them. We all know what I mean by each and every one of those words, because they have a set meaning. Making words relative is an act of the insane. Humpty Dumpty did that, if you recall. And societies do that to cover up reality. Confucious said to restore a nation you must first true the language; apparently ancient China had problems with twisting the meaning of words all the way back then. But Nature is true, and God is the author of Nature and He most certainly is true and honest. Anything less is in the service of evil and Satan, quite frankly.

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Goldberg Beclowns Himself

C. Gregg Carroll

Jonah Goldberg over at The Dispatch might look beyond the immediate and sensational Jan. 6 Hollywood show at the Pelosi House. "Here's the problem with this,” he Tweets. "I don't care what the committee members say. It's the witnesses stupid. They've mostly been Republicans as well as Trump aides, Trump voters, and Trump relatives. Blather about the "Marxist Dems" all you like. What about Barr's testimony?”

Goldberg would do well to remember that Joe McCarthy found plenty of alleged Communist sympathizers to demonize and serve as witnesses against their alleged fellow Communists in much the same way as the mainstream media and Democrats—but I repeat myself—are now using alleged conservatives to demonize their fellow conservative citizens no matter how tangentially those citizens might be associated with the riot.


To, adds:

And what of the witnesses they DIDN'T call? Does Goldberg not think they chose and managed that witness list carefully? They wouldn't let anyone on the committee except Trump haters. It's easy to find people who would be willing to testify against Trump - either disgruntled employees or ambitious people who figure this will promote the future in D.C. Like that aid who had a second cousin who had a girlfriend whose brother in law said Trump tried to grab the steering wheel...

Mr. Goldberg himself is proof of the folly of this. He led the NeverTrump attack squandron at National Review, and has done everything in his power to backstab and destroy the President. He is a Republican and ostensible conservative.

I don't know if he'd lie in the Committee, but he certainly bore Mr. Trump no good will.

How many Republicans turned on George W. Bush? I remember quite a few, and that in an era of far less acrimony and cutthroat politics.

Goldberg has thrown away any credibility he once had, if you ask me.

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Worst Heat Wave Ever? Hardly

Anthony Watts:

The next time somebody tries to tell you we are living in the "worst heat wave ever", show them this analysis where I take down the claims of Texas-sized "climate scientist."

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Supervolcano in Antarctica?

Timothy Birdnow

Vedddy Eeenterestink!

Nasa Discovers Mantle Plume Almost as Hot as Yellowstone that's Melting Antarctica from Below

The absolutely destroys AGW claims that Antarctica is melting because of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere.

And if true it's a disturbing thought; a supervoclcanic event has largely wiped life from this planet before.

250 million years ago the "Great Dying" of the Permian Triassic saw most life wiped from the Earth. It was far worse than the asteroid strike which killed the dinosaurs 65 million years ago. It was caused not by a space rock but by a supervolcano erupting in Siberia over a period of years. It blotted the skies, poisoned the air and water, and made life nearly impossible.

It killed between 90 and 95% of all life on Earth.

So if we have a supervolcano in Antarctica melting the enormous ice sheet, and if it breaks out and erupts into the atmosphere, we are in big, big trouble. Not only is most of the worlds' ice tied up in the sheets of Antarctica, and thus sea levels will rise by an estimated 190 feet, completely inundating low-lying and even mid-lying land masses worldwide.

Of course, that is the absolute worst-case scenario. More likely this is a normal cyclical phenomenon and may lead to some ice melt in down there and maybe even some outgassing but little more than that.

Or not. It's happened in the past and it could happen again.

In the year 536 Icelandic volcanoes erupted, leading to the "year of darkness" in Europe and having lasting affects until 555. It destroyed the Irish civilization, which was as advanced as anybody at the time but wound up being a barbaric clan culture afterward. There was no tree ring growth at all in Ireland for three years - meaning near total darkness the entire time.

The affects could be seen as far away as Constantinople.

Is it any wonder the receding Roman empire completely fell apart by then? Or that barbarians were able to pillage at will?

That was a small eruption next to the one in Siberia at the Permian Triassic.

So who knows? It will probably not come to it, but at some point it will come to it. We live in a precarious world and are at the whims of fate much more than we realize. We like to think ourselves so powerful and wise, but one supervolcano, or major asteroid or comet strike, or giant solar flare, would lay us out flat.

That's when people turn to God. I would recommend we do that before Antarctica goes boom.

At any rate, the safest course of action is to settle the rest of the solar system, spreading out so a planetwide disaster doesn't strike everyone. But people are more interested in getting welfare checks and playing their stupid games (like Angry Birds or whatnot) than in planning for our fuure and pioneering new worlds. We aren't the same men who crossed the Atlantic.

A weak and corrupt Roman society was pushned into final extinction by one volcano in Iceland. How much worse will it be for us?

And we may help it along with nuclear weapons and biological agents and God only knows what else.

Maybe we've run our course? I'm sure the dinosaurs saw themselves as lords of creation too.

Or maybe God will just have had enough. If the Book of Genesis is any indicator, He did so once before.


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Inflation in Britain

John Lees

I buy whey powder, and I've noticed a very sudden surge in prices during this era of inflation. I just happened to be looking up a whey product and chanced across this graph of the prices in Europe.
This is stunning. Over little more than a year the price has very nearly doubled.
But isn't this the impact of the war in Ukraine?
I've marked the start of the war in Ukraine with a red mark.
So, as with many other illustrations of post stimulus inflation, the inflation mostly preceded the invasion.
Therefore, it is very hard to explain how an invasion caused a phenomenon which began a year earlier.

No photo description available.

No photo description available.

Tim adds:

In the last two years the U.S. Federal Reserve has exploded the money supply. Since everyone else tags their currency to the U.S. dollar everyone else's money has inflated too. It's basic economics (unless you are a Keynsian dingdong). I don't blame it on Joe Biden, although he wants to blow through trillions more yet. It's the Federal Reserve doing this. Yes, the pandemic was the justification, but the Fed had been expanding the money supply since the Bush Admiinistration and especially during the Obama years. It is exactly what they did in the 1920's. And, as in the '20's, they are now trying to cut the supply of money. That led to the Great Depression last time.

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July 01, 2022

Baby Wooley Mammoth Found

Timothy Birdnow

An entire baby Wooly Mammoth was discovered recently in Canada. Found in permafrost in north-west Canada, in the Klondike area of the Yukon Territory, the elephantine icecycle is the first such found in north America, and is more than 30,000 years of age (even older than Joe Biden).

https://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/north/frozen-whole-baby-woolly-mammoth-yukon-gold-fields-1.6501128?fbclid=IwAR17cGl885NQxWpMx3x6Ud_xSd3qIz4cuO7OkUeDvmXkLQMRDtZigxrUS4A

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Another Food Processor Closes

Warner Todd Huston

Another Food Processing Plant Closes Amid Potential Food Shortages, Over 200 Jobs Gone

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