May 24, 2023

The Improbable Abiogenesis

Carlos Velazquez

For the theory of evolution to be something real, it absolutely and logically had to be preceded or started in earth's history by a singular event, ABIOGENESIS, where non-living chemicals organized and arranged themselves to form a simple living cell with all its organs and features to define and sustain life.

Here is the first of a series of podcasts detailing the IMPOSSIBILITY of ABIOGENESIS (the first event in the ladder of evolution) by Dr. James Tour, PhD, (Purdue University), Synthetic Organic Chemist, Professor of Chemistry and Professor of Computer Science (see bio below).

He outlines the following features and processes that the most basic living cell has to contain or perform to qualify as an actual living thing:

1. Cell Membrane: A selectively permeable barrier that separates the cell from its external environment, controlling the passage of substances in and out of the cell.
2. Genetic Material: DNA or RNA, which carries the hereditary information necessary for cellular functions and reproduction.
3. Ribosomes: Molecular complexes involved in protein synthesis, where the genetic information is translated into proteins.
4. Metabolism: Enzymes and metabolic pathways that enable the cell to obtain energy and nutrients, as well as perform chemical reactions necessary for cellular processes.
5. ATP (Adenosine Triphosphate): A molecule responsible for storing and transferring energy within the cell.
6. Cytoplasm: The gel-like substance filling the cell, containing various molecules, ions, and organelles.
7. Nucleus (optional for prokaryotes): A membrane-bound organelle that houses the genetic material in eukaryotic cells.
8. Mitochondria (optional for some organisms): Organelles involved in cellular respiration, responsible for generating energy in the form of ATP.
9. Endoplasmic Reticulum (ER): Involved in protein synthesis, folding, and transport within the cell.
10. Golgi Apparatus: Responsible for modifying, sorting, and packaging proteins and lipids for transport to their specific destinations.
11. Lysosomes: Organelles containing digestive enzymes involved in breaking down waste materials and recycling cellular components.
12. Cytoskeleton: A network of protein filaments that provides structural support, maintains cell shape, and enables cellular movement.
13. Vesicles: Small membrane-bound sacs involved in transport, storage, and secretion of molecules within the cell.

Dr. James Tour is the T. T. and W. F. Chao Professor of Chemistry, Professor of Computer Science, and Professor of Materials Science and Nano-Engineering at Rice University. A synthetic organic chemist, he received his BS in Chemistry from Syracuse University, his PhD in synthetic organic and organometallic chemistry from Purdue University, and postdoctoral training in synthetic organic chemistry at the University of Wisconsin and Stanford University. He has served on the faculty of the University of South Carolina and as a visiting scholar at Harvard University. Tour has over 700 research publications and over 130 patent families.

James Tour: A Flyover of the Challenges Facing Abiogenesis

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